Tuesday, December 30, 2008


“the bravest of the brave”
by Shirley Farris Jones
The War Between the States was a very difficult and trying time for the
men, women, and children of this defining period in our nation's history.
Very few families were left “untouched” as a country at war with itself
struggled to survive. Regrettably, more than half a million lives were lost
for the “Cause” each believed to be right and when it was all over, those
who were left had to pick up the pieces and get on with the business of
living with or without their loved ones and the way of life they had
previously known. Many were left with only memories and footprints of a
past that was now history. Such is the story of a young man from Jackson
County, Tennessee.
William Sadler was born in 1832, the first born son of Betridge Scantland
and Nelson Sadler. Both the Scantland and the Sadler familes were among
the earliest settlers of Jackson County. The couple was married on
September 23, 1830, and William would soon have five sisters, Rachel Ann,
Nancy, Elizabeth, Mary Jane, and Lucetta, and two brothers, Lee and Henry,
to play with. Another brother, Garret, died in infancy but there was still a
lot of love and laughter in the house full of children, although the parents
didn't always get along too well and ultimately divorced in 1858 – which
was almost unheard of in that day and time. William was a grown man by
that time and the previous year, in 1857, had an “infatuation” with a young
woman named Elizabeth or “Betsy” White. This “infatuation” produced a
son, William Henry, nicknamed “Bose”, which is an old Scottish name for
Buddy. The couple never married, and Elizabeth soon married another man
named John Dixon and they were the parents of twin boys. Why the couple
chose not to marry is a mystery to this day as William was known
throughout the community as a “good” boy and a stickler for the rules.
On June 8, 1861 Tennessee voted to join the newly formed Confederate
States of America as the last seceding state. William Sadler, along with
two of his brother-in-laws, soon joined the Confederate Army. On June 6,
1862 he wrote to his Mother from Camp Trousdale where they were in
“I now seat myself to write you a few lines to let you know I am
well and in good spirits and hope these few lines may find you all in good
health. ... Mother, I want you to get some cloth and make me two pairs of
pants for summer. Get some that will not show dirt and have them made in
a week from this time, and send them by the first one that comes if you
have the chance. ... Get the cloth at Mahaneys and Sons that will last, for
fine cloths does not recommend a man much here for we have a dandy in
our ajoining (sic) company and the visitors tell him he is too fine for a
soldierin'. ... Tell all to write to me and write all the news of importance.
Tell Marion McCawley I am as fat as a Lion and would not give a cent to be
at home and would not come home if I had the chance without peace was
made. ... your son, Wm Sadler”
From Camp Trousdale, Pvt. Sadler was sent to Corinth, Mississippi.
Following reorganization, he became a part of Bragg's Army. On May 8,
1862, he was promoted to Captain, Company G, of the 8th Tennessee
Infantry. (The 8th Tennessee was comprised of men from Smith, Overton,
Lincoln, Fentress, Putnam, Jackson, Moore, and Marshall Counties.) In
the fall of 1862, the 8th Tennessee passed through Jackson County on their
way into Kentucky to face Federal forces there. It took three days and
three nights for General Bragg's troops to march through Jackson County.
They were greeted by Jackson countians who cheered the men on and
offered their support. William was able to visit his family for a short time
and encouraged his brother, Lee, to join up. Lee enlisted on September 8,
1862, just in time for the battle of Perryville the next month on October 8,
1862. Both William and Lee escaped the battle unharmed. But seeing this
kind of action must have made an impression on the brothers.
It was shortly after this that Captain William wrote a letter to his
fourteen year old brother, Henry, who was still at home on the farm. In the
letter, he expressed his concern about being killed in battle and what would
happen to his son, Bose. Apparently, William did not think too highly of
Betsy's husband, and didn't want his son growing up at the Dixon place and
“never larn (sic) to work as a man needs to.” He wanted Henry to promise
that if anything should happen to him that he would get the boy and “raise
him up good. ... raise him as his own, if something were to happen to him
during this war.”
After Perryville, both William and Lee were at McMinnville for a short
while and then headed to Murfreesboro. Just before the battle, the
brothers were bathing and William told Lee, “If you get hurt here, I can't
stop to take care of you. And if I get hurt or killed, you go on.” With those
words, a pact was made.
The Battle of Murfreesboro began on December 31, 1862. On the field,
William was shot in the head with a Yankee minute ball. Lee saw him shot.
William's last words were, “Go on! You can do nothing for me! Go on!” As
previously promised, Lee passed right on by his brother, just where his body
fell on the battlefield, and kept on fighting. The next day, Lee and some of
William's men came back to the battlefield, retrieved William's body, and
buried it behind a building nearby, leaving only a large stone for his marker.
It was said of the thirty year old William that “He was the bravest of the
brave.” William's horse, on its own, returned home to Jackson County, a
distance of almost one hundred miles.
John S. Quarles, who succeeded William Sadler as Captain of the 8th
Tennessee Infantry, wrote the following report: “... He was killed leading
his men in a charge on a 16-gun battery known as Loomis Battery. When he
fell his younger brother, Lee Sadler, ran up to him and asked him some
questions. His only answer was to go on, go on. I suppose these were his
last words. Capt. Sadler was a very brave man. As fearless as a lion and
as gallant as a knight. He was a very correct and strict disciplinarian. To
do his duty was but to know it. He hated the coward and deserter, but had
the greatest admiration for a brave man. Valor covered all faults with Capt.
Sadler. He sought no friends and dodged no foes but did his duty as he saw
it. ...”
Note: The Eighth Tennessee was in Donelson's Brigade of Cheatham's
Division so their main action was against Hazen's and Cruft's Brigades at
Hell's Half Acre around noon on December 31, 1862. Although Captain
Sadler's name appears only in the report of officers killed, it is highly likely
that he died during that ill fated attack. In all probability, Captain Sadler's
remains were most likely reburied at the Confederate Cemetery on South
Church Street in Murfreesboro after the war before being reinturred for the
third and final time at Confederate Circle in Evergreen Cemetery several
years later.
Henry, abiding by his brother's wishes, got on his brother's horse,
bringing along a mule, and headed for the Dixon farm. He collected Bose,
just five years old, “kickin' and a screamin' taking him from his mama and
brothers and stepdaddy. We all agreed to abide by William's wishes and
understood his reckoning. But it was mighty hard to watch such a
distraught little boy coming up the road, ridin' on a mule, towards our farm.”
Then “We stripped him down, washed him clean, and burnt his clothes.
Washin' the traces of his Dixon life away.” Henry, true to his word, raised
Bose as his own, and Bose came to know Henry as his father, at least the
only real father figure he ever knew. In 1886, when Bose was 30 years old,
he married Sarah Melvina Ray , and they became the parents of four
children, John, Kate, Mary, and Annie. Bose inherited much of his father's
sense of duty and belief in justice. Bose became Sheriff of Jackson County
in 1898 and again in 1916, serving a total of two terms. Bose and Vinnie
both lived into old age, living full and satisfying lives.
Descendants of Capt. Sadler continue to reside in Jackson County, near
Gainesboro, Tennessee to this day.
This information was provided by Mrs. Bonnie Mae West Dudney
Roberts, one of the children of Kate, the eldest child of Bose and Vinnie,
who married William Dillard West. She is the great-granddaughter of
Captain William Sadler. With special thanks to her daughter, Mrs. Janet
Dudney Meadows, great-great-granddaughter of Capt. Sadler.
Bibliography furnished upon request.

No comments: